Scaling and Root Planing (SRP) is a meticulous cleaning of the root surfaces below the gum line to remove plaque, toxins and tartar from the root surfaces of the teeth. This procedure is more intensive than a routine general prophylaxis, or cleaning, which traditionally occurs every six months.
For comfort, your periodontist may numb the area before treatment. Research has consistently demonstrated that SRP reduces gingival inflammation and probing depths, and shifts the bacteria composition living in these pockets from one that is associated with disease toward one associated with health. Therefore, SRP is usually the first mode of treatment recommended for most periodontal patients.